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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Office of the Spokesman
Taken Questions for January 25, 1994

1. NEWLY INDEPENDENT STATES Q: Can you provide a breakdown by country of our bilateral assistance to the New Independent States (NIS) of the former Soviet Union?

A: Our NIS assistance program is intended to support the transition to democratic systems of government and free market economies in all the states of the NIS. From fiscal year 1992 through the end of the first quarter of fiscal year 1994, the United States obligated $3.179 billion in grant humanitarian and technical assistance to the twelve states of the NIS.

--The breakdown by country is as follows:

Note: This Electronic Research Collection (ERC) is an archive site. For the most current information, please visit the US State Department homepage.
--Armenia            $312 million
--Azerbaijan           31 million
--Belarus             134 million
--Georgia             233 million
--Kazakhstan           92 million
--Kyrgyzstan          136 million
--Moldova              72 million
--Russia             1788 million
--Tajikistan           32 million
--Turkmenistan         61 million
--Ukraine             183 million
--Uzbekistan           28 million.

In addition to grant assistance, the United States also participates in a variety of credit programs with the NIS through such agencies as OPIC, EXIM, and USDA, and supports denuclearization programs in the NIS through Nunn-Lugar funding.

Of the $2.5 billion NIS assistance package appropriated by Congress for fiscal year 1994, we anticipate that approximately two-thirds will be directed to Russia. We are beginning to obligate this package.

A variety of factors are evaluated in determining country allocations, including the political, economic, and strategic significance of a state; its size and population; its adherence to international obligations and norms; and the progress it has made towards democratic and economic reform.

2. UKRAINE Q. Will Ukraine receive U.S. assistance for dismantling nuclear weapons even though its Parliament has not unreservedly ratified START and the Non-Proliferation Treaty?

A. YES, WE EXPECT THIS ASSISTANCE WILL BEGIN TO FLOW IN THE NEXT SEVERAL MONTHS. THE SCOPE AND PACE OF U.S. ASSISTANCE TO UKRAINE WILL REFLECT THE SCOPE AND PACE OF UKRAINE'S EFFORTS TO DISMANTLE NUCLEAR FORCES.

--THE EXCHANGE OF NOTES WHICH TOOK PLACE ON DECEMBER 31 BROUGHT THE AGREEMENT INTO FORCE BETWEEN THE U.S. AND UKRAINE THAT WILL ALLOW US TO BEGIN PROVIDING THE $177 MILLION IN NUNN-LUGAR ASSISTANCE WE HAVE CURRENTLY COMMITTED TO UKRAINE. UP TO $135 MILLION OF THIS AMOUNT WILL GO TOWARD DISMANTLING STRATEGIC NUCLEAR DELIVERY VEHICLES IN UKRAINE.

--UKRAINE HAS TAKEN SOME IMPORTANT STEPS TOWARD DISMANTLING NUCLEAR SYSTEMS ON ITS TERRITORY. IT HAS DEACTIVATED SOME SS-19 STRATEGIC MISSILES AND ANNOUNCED LAST DECEMBER THAT IT WAS IN THE PROCESS OF DEACTIVATING SS-24 STRATEGIC MISSILES, THE FIRST STEP TOWARD DISMANTLING THESE SYSTEMS.

THE TRILATERAL STATEMENT SIGNED JANUARY 14 IN MOSCOW MOVES THE DENUCLEARIZATION PROCESS EVEN FURTHER ALONG. IN THE STATEMENT, PRESIDENT KRAVCHUK HAS AGREED TO TRANSFER AT LEAST 200 SS-l9 AND SS-24 WARHEADS TO RUSSIA FOR DISMANTLING AND TO DEACTIVATE ALL SS-24S ON UKRAINIAN TERRITORY WITHIN TEN MONTHS. HE ALSO AGREED TO TRANSFER ALL NUCLEAR WARHEADS TO RUSSIA FOR DISMANTLING IN THE SHORTEST POSSIBLE TIME.

EVEN AS WE SUPPORT THESE IMPORTANT STEPS TOWARD UKRAINE'S DENUCLEARIZATION, WE FULLY EXPECT UKRAINE TO LIVE UP TO ITS COMMITMENTS TO RATIFY START, INCLUDING THE LISBON PROTOCOL, AND TO ACCEDE TO THE NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION TREATY AS A NON-NUCLEAR WEAPONS STATE IN THE SHORTEST POSSIBLE TIME. (###)

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