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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE Office of the Spokesman Taken Questions of January 13, 1994

1. HAITI Q: Can you confirm that Ambassador Pezzullo will attend the January 14-16 Miami Conference.

A. YES. AMBASSADOR PEZZULLO WILL ATTEND AS AN OBSERVER. REPRESENTATIVES FROM CANADA, FRANCE AND VENEZUELA (THE FOUR FRIENDS) ALSO WILL ATTEND.

Q: Why has the USG decided to send a representative to the conference?

A: AS WE HAVE SAID ALL ALONG, WE SUPPORT ANY GENUINE EFFORT TO BREAK THE CURRENT IMPASSE BY SEEKING COMPLETION OF THE PROCESS ENVISIONED IN THE GOVERNORS ISLAND ACCORD.

--WE CONTINUE TO BELIEVE THAT THE FOCUS OF THE DISCUSSIONS SHOULD BE ON RESOLVING THE POLITICAL CRISIS--THE ROOT CAUSE OF MANY OF HAITI'S OTHER PROBLEMS--AND ARE HOPEFUL THAT THE JANUARY 14-16 CONFERENCE IN MIAMI WILL ADDRESS THOSE CONCERNS.

2. CHINA Q. Are there any new developments with respect to Red Cross visits to Chinese prisons? Have the Chinese issued invitations to the ICRC? Have the Chinese gone beyond saying they would consider prison visits by the ICRC?

A. SINCE NOVEMBER. THE CHINESE AND THE ICRC HAVE HELD DISCUSSIONS ON THIS SUBJECT.

--AS WE SAID WHEN THE CHINESE FIRST MADE THEIR ANNOUNCEMENT, A DECISION TO ALLOW THE ICRC OR OTHER INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN ORGANIZATIONS ACCESS TO CHINESE PRISONS WOULD BE A POSITIVE STEP AND WE WOULD WELCOME IT.

--BUT WE ARE NOT PART OF THESE DISCUSSIONS AND WE HAVE NO FURTHER INFORMATION ON HOW THEY ARE GOING.

3. SYRIA Q: Does the United States Government believe that alleged Nazi War Criminal Alois Brunner is living in Syria?

A: WE HAVE NO VERIFIED INFORMATION AS TO THE CURRENT LOCATION OF ALOIS BRUNNER.

4. CHINA: Q: Does the State Department need to approve licenses for export to China of satellites on the Commerce Department's dual-use list?

A. OUR APPROACH ON LICENSES FOR EXPORTING SATELLITES TO CHINA RECOGNIZES THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN STATE AND COMMERCE LICENSING PRACTICES AND AUTHORITIES.

--THE MISSILE PROLIFERATION SANCTIONS LAW REQUIRES THAT LICENSES BE DENIED FOR THE EXPORT OF EQUIPMENT OR TECHNOLOGY ON THE MISSILE TECHNOLOGY CONTROL REGIME (MTCR) LIST. SATELLITES ARE NOT ON THE MTCR LIST, BUT SATELLITES TYPICALLY CONTAIN ITEMS ON THE MTCR LIST.

--SOME SATELLITES, INCLUDING THOSE CONTAINING U.S. MUNITIONS LIST COMPONENTS THAT ARE ALSO ON THE MTCR ANNEX, ARE LICENSED BY THE STATE DEPARTMENT. OTHER SATELLITES ARE LICENSED BY THE COMMERCE DEPARTMENT.

--UNDER STATE'S "SEE THROUGH" PRACTICES, LICENSES FOR SATELLITES CONTAINING MTCR ANNEX ITEM COMPONENTS ON STATE'S MUNITIONS LIST ARE TREATED AS LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT OF THE MTCR COMPONENT. UNDER THE SANCTIONS LAW, THOSE LICENSES MUST BE DENIED.

--UNDER COMMERCE'S PRACTICES, LICENSES FOR SATELLITES ON COMMERCE'S DUAL-USE LIST ARE NOT EVALUATED AS LICENSES TO EXPORT THEIR COMPONENTS. THOSE LICENSES ARE NOT AFFECTED BY THE SANCTIONS LAW. (###)

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