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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Office of the Spokesman
Taken Questions of September 8, 1993

1.  ANGOLA 
Q.  Who initiated the telephone calls between Assistant Secretary Moose 
and UNITA leader Savimbi?

A.  DR. SAVIMBI INITIATED BOTH TELEPHONE CALLS TO ASSISTANT SECRETARY 
MOOSE.

2.  Ambassador Talbott's Travel 
Q:  What is Ambassador Talbott's itinerary for his trip to Central Asia?

A:  Strobe Talbott, Ambassador-at-Large and Special Adviser to the 
Secretary on the New Independent States, and Nick Burns, NSC Senior 
Director, will lead a delegation for consultations with officials of 
Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, 
Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, the Russian Federation, Latvia, the European 
Community and NATO from September

3.  Bosnia
Q:  Did Lord Owen or Mr. Stoltenberg ask that the President not see 
President Izetbegovic?

A:  WE ARE NOT AWARE OF ANY SUCH REQUEST.

4.  Bosnia 
Q:  What winterization preparations are underway for Bosnia-Herzegovina?

A:  THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE HAS JUST RECEIVED UNHCR'S WINTERIZATION 
PROGRAM STATUS REPORT FOR FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. UNHCR HAS ASSESSED ITS 
NEEDS, AND IS ON SCHEDULE IN REQUESTING QUOTES FOR THE SUPPLIES NEEDED.

--UNHCR STATES THAT THE HUMAN DIMENSION OF THE CONFLICT IS OVERWHELMING.  
WITH THE ECONOMY IN RUINS, LIMITED ACCESS TO FOOD, LACK OF ESSENTIAL 
UTILITIES SUCH AS HEALTH CARE, ELECTRICITY, GAS, WATER SUPPLY, AND 
SANITATION FACILITIES, THE PEOPLE IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA WILL BE 
PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE DURING THE COMING WINTER.

--UNHCR HAS NOTED THAT IT IS FACED WITH A CRITICAL DELIVERY PROBLEM, 
BECAUSE OF SECURITY PROBLEMS AND ACCESS.  THUS IT PLANS TO CHARTER AN 
IL-76 CARGO AIRCRAFT TO DELIVER MATERIALS TO SARAJEVO.  IT ALSO PLANS TO 
SHIFT PART OF ITS TRUCKING OPERATIONS FROM CROATIA TO BELGRADE, FOR 
ACCESS TO EASTERN BOSNIA, THE TUZLA REGION, AND SARAJEVO.

--THE CHANGE IN DELIVERY ROUTES WILL BE DEPENDENT ON THE U.N. SANCTIONS 
COMMITTEE SPEEDILY APPROVING UNHCR REQUESTS FOR TRANSIT THROUGH SERBIA 
AND MONTENEGRO.

UNHCR INTENDS TO INCREASE THE INDIVIDUAL RATION OF FOOD AID BY 15%, FROM 
533.5 GRAMS TO 614 GRAMS PER PERSON PER DAY. FOOD AID WILL INCLUDE WHEAT 
FLOUR, PULSES, FISH/MEAT/CHEESE, OIL, SUGAR, SALT, AND YEAST.  ORANGE 
JUICE POWDER WILL BE SENT TO AREAS WHERE THERE IS A VITAMIN C 
DEFICIENCY, SUCH AS CENTRAL BOSNIA, SARAJEVO, AND THE EASTERN ENCLAVES.

 UNHCR WILL COORDINATE WITH UNICEF, WHO, AND RELEVANT NGO'S ON 
SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAMS FOR VULNERABLE GROUPS, SUCH AS 
CHILDREN UNDER 5, PREGNANT AND LACTATING WOMEN, AND ADULTS OVER 65 YEARS 
OF AGE.

THE FOCUS OF UNHCR'S WINTERIZATION PROGRAM WILL BE TO PROVIDE THE 
FOLLOWING BASIC MATERIALS:

EMERGENCY SHELTER KITS (REINFORCED PLASTIC SHEETING, REINFORCED ROOFING 
MATERIAL, STAPLES AND STAPLE GUNS, PLYWOOD, NAILS, ETC. SLEEPING BAGS, 
BLANKETS, AND MATTRESSES COMBINATION HEATERS/OVENS VARIOUS KINDS OF 
HEATING FUEL MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS SUCH AS CANDLES, WATER CONTAINERS, 
COOKING SETS, ETC.

--GUIDED BY ITS EXPERIENCE LAST WINTER, UNHCR HAS MADE SOME REVISIONS IN 
ITS LIST OF MATERIALS AS WELL AS IN UPGRADES IN THE QUALITY OF GOODS. --
UNHCR WILL APPROACH OIL-PRODUCING NATIONS TO SEEK IN-KIND DONATIONS OF 
HEATING FUELS TO MEET THE REQUIREMENTS.

5.  PAKISTAN: 
Q:  If possible, could we have a readout of his week of meetings in 
Washington?

 A:  SHAHARYAR KHAN WAS IN WASHINGTON FROM AUGUST 30 TO SEPTEMBER 3 AS 
PART OF CONTINUING CONSULTATIONS BETWEEN THE U.S. AND PAKISTAN 
GOVERNMENTS.

--HE MET WITH SENIOR OFFICIALS HERE AT THE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING THE 
SECRETARY AND UNDER SECRETARY DAVIS TO REVIEW U.S.-PAKISTAN RELATIONS 
AND SUCH ISSUES OF CONCERN TO BOTH COUNTRIES AS NONPROLIFERATION, 
REGIONAL TENSIONS (INCLUDING THE KASHMIR DISPUTE) AND TERRORISM.

--ON MISSILE SANCTIONS, WE TOLD SHAHARYAR WE REMAIN PREPARED TO DISCUSS 
WITH PAKISTAN, AS WELL AS CHINA, STEPS THEY COULD TAKE TO MEET OUR 
OVERALL NONPROLIFERATION GOALS AND THE PROVISIONS OF THE LAW.

--THE DISCUSSIONS WERE POSITIVE AND FRIENDLY, REFLECTING THE CLOSE 
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PAKISTAN AND THE UNITED STATES. ON SEPTEMBER 2 AND 

3 THE U.S. AND PAKISTAN HELD THEIR INITIAL ROUND OF TALKS ON REGIONAL 
SECURITY AND NONPROLIFERATION.  SHAHARYAR KHAN LED THE PAKISTANI SIDE 
AND ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR SOUTH ASIAN AFFAIRS ROBIN RAPHEL LED THE 
U.S. SIDE. WE HAD A FRANK AND FULL EXCHANGE OF VIEWS ON A NUMBER OF 
ISSUES, INCLUDING:

PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AND THEIR MEANS OF 
DELIVERY;

REDUCING TENSIONS WHICH COULD LEAD TO THE OUTBREAK OF WAR IN THE REGION; 
AND

PROMOTING CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES AMONG THE NATIONS OF THE REGION.

6.  PAKISTAN 
Q:  How will the Administration follow-up with the PakistaniÕs Foreign 
Secretary request that we lift or review the Pressler Amendment?

A:  DURING HIS VISIT TO WASHINGTON LAST WEEK, WE DISCUSSED A NUMBER OF 
IMPORTANT ISSUES WITH PAKISTANI FOREIGN SECRETARY SHAHARYAR KHAN, 
INCLUDING MISSILE SANCTIONS, THE REGIONAL SECURITY ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH 
ASIA, NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION, AND THE IMPACT OF THE PRESSLER AMENDMENT 
SANCTIONS ON PAKISTAN.

--PRESSLER SANCTIONS WERE IMPOSED IN 1990 WHEN THE PRESIDENT WAS UNABLE 
TO CERTIFY THAT PAKISTAN DID NOT POSSESS A NUCLEAR DEVICE.  THE 
SANCTIONS TERMINATED ALL U.S. MILITARY AND NEW ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE TO 
THE GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN.

--WHILE WE AND THE PAKISTANIS AGREED TO WORK TOGETHER TO PROMOTE 
DECREASED TENSIONS IN SOUTH ASIA AND FIND WAYS TO CURB PROLIFERATION, WE 
STRESSED THAT THE PRESSLER AMENDMENT REMAINS U.S. LAW AND WILL BE 
ENFORCED.
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