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February 1993
1993 DAILY PRESS BRIEFING #27: TUESDAY, 2/23/93

Source:         State Department Acting Spokesman Joseph Snyder
Description:    Washington, DC
Date:           Feb 23, 1993
Category:       Briefings
Region:         Central Europe, MidEast/North Africa,
                Subsaharan Africa, South America, South Asia,
                Caribbean
Country:        Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia-Montenegro,
                Israel, Angola, Zaire, Peru, Somalia, India,
                Rwanda
Subject:        Regional/Civil Unrest, Military Affairs,
                Development/Relief Aid, United Nations,
                Mideast Peace Process, Human Rights,
                Trade/Economics, Immigration, Democratization
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PRESS BRIEFING SUMMARY
Tuesday, February 23, 1993

[Use the Outline key (Alt-O) to locate text.  Accuracy of
page numbers will depend on your printer and software.]


Subject                                                         Page

FORMER YUGOSLAVIA
Arrival of Former Bosnian Detainees/Families in the U.S......... ..1-3
U.S. Estimate of Number of Detainees in Camps.                .....2-3
Humanitarian Relief Flights/Convoys.........                    .3-4
--  Prospects for U.S. Air Drops.....................        ......4-5
U.S. Visa for Radovan Karadzic to Visit UN...........      ..........5
--  Reported Request for Immunity from Civil Lawsuits   ...........5
Vice President Gore's Invitation to Izetbegovic to Visit....... ...5
Amb. Bartholomew's Activities........                     .........5
Greek Ship Carrying Serb Arms to Somalia....      ...............8-9

ZAIRE
U.S./France/Belgium Consultations re Political
     Situation/U.S. Contact with Political Factions........     ...6-7
Americans in Country........                                       6

PERU
U.S. Position on IMF Letter of Intent..............             .....7

ANGOLA
Asst. Sec. Cohen Consulting on Peace Efforts in Lisbon.          8-9

SOMALIA
Greek Ship Carrying Serb Arms to Somalia.....................    8-9
Security for Food Distribution....... ..........................9-10
    --  Irish Nurse Killed...........                           ...9
    --  Fighting in Kismayo.                  .....................9

IRAN
UN Report on Discrimination Against Baha'is...................    10

MISCELLANEOU.S.:  As posted in the Press Office
Answered "Taken" Questions from the Media
    --  BOSNIA:  Resettlement of Bosnian Refugees in the U.S.
    --  BOSNIA:  ICRC/Detainees
    --  IRAN:  Treatment of Baha'is
Department Statements
    --  INDIA:  Possible Violence
    --  RWANDA:  Declarations on Cease-Fire
    --  CUBA:  Elections Neither Free nor Fair
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TEXT


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ANSWERED "TAKEN" QUESTIONS FROM THE MEDIA
As posted in the Press Office, U.S. Department of State
February 23, 1993

BOSNIA:  Resettlement of Refugees in the U.S.

Taken Question 2/23/93

        Q:  Who is handling the resettlement in the U.S. of the
Bosnian refugees and where are they going?

        A:  ELEVEN VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS ARE PARTICIPATING IN THE
RESETTLEMENT OF THE BOSNIAN REFUGEES.

        THESE AGENCIES OPERATE UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH THE
BUREAU FOR REFUGEE PROGRAMS AND PROVIDE RESETTLEMENT ASSISTANCE.

        THE BOSNIANS WILL BE ASSISTED, UNDER PROGRAMS DESIGNED NOT ONLY
TO MEET THEIR IMMEDIATE NEEDS BUT TO ADVANCE THEM AS RAPIDLY AS POSSIBLE
TOWARD SELF-SUFFICIENCY AND INTEGRATION INTO AMERICAN SOCIETY.

        THE VOLUNTARY AGENCIES MAINTAIN NETWORKS OF LOCAL AFFILIATES WHO
ASSUME RESPONSIBLITY FOR PROVIDING INITIAL RESETTLEMENT SERVICES
DIRECTLY TO THE REFUGEES, OFTEN WITH THE SUPPORT OF VOLUNTEERS AND
RELIGIOU.S. AND CIVIC GROUPS.

        THE BOSNIAN REFUGEES ARE BEING RESETTLED IN SEVERAL CITIES
AROUND THE UNITED STATES.  THESE CITIES WERE SELECTED BECAU.S.E THEY
HAVE
THE NECESSARY SUPPORT SERVICES AND OTHER FACILITIES (I.E., AFFORDABLE
HOU.S.ING, SOCIAL SERVICES AND EDUCATIONAL AND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES)
TO SUPPORT THEIR RESETTLEMENT.

        Q:  Under what status are these people entering the United
States?

        A:  THE BOSNIANS ARE ENTERING THE UNITED STATES UNDER REFUGEE
STATU.S..

        THEY MAY APPLY FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE ONE YEAR AFTER THEIR
ARRIVAL AND AFTER A TOTAL OF FIVE YEARS THEY MAY APPLY FOR U.S.
CITIZENSHIP. (###)

BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA:  ICRC/Detainees

Taken Question 2/23/93

        Q: You gave an estimate of "as high as 70,000" detainees in
detention camps in the former Yugoslavia.  Could you give us a more
recent estimate?

        A:  NEITHER WE, NOR THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS
(ICRC), KNOW FOR CERTAIN HOW MANY DETENTION FACILITIES OR HOW MANY
PRISONERS THERE MAY BE IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA.  ACCORDING TO THEIR
LATEST FIGURES, THE ICRC HAS REGISTERED 2,757 PRISONERS HELD IN 18
PLACES OF DETENTION.  WE THINK THERE IS A GOOD POSSIBILITY THERE ARE
OTHER DETENTION FACILITIES WHICH HAVE NOT YET BEEN DETECTED.

        THE 70,000 NUMBER TO WHICH YOU REFERRED WAS THE UPPER LIMIT OF A
BROAD-RANGED ESTIMATE, AND AS MORE INFORMATION BECOMES AVAILABLE WE ARE
TRYING TO REFINE THOSE NUMBERS. WE NOW BELIEVE THERE ARE FEWER DETAINEES
THAN ORIGINALLY ESTIMATED.

        UNFORTUNATELY,. UNTIL THE ICRC IS GRANTED FREE AND UNHINDERED
ACCESS TO ALL AREAS OF THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, WE WILL NOT KNOW HOW MANY
PRISONERS ARE BEING HELD.  WE HOPE ALL FACTIONS WILL PROVIDE TO THE
ICRC, AS THEY HAVE PREVIOU.S.LY AGREED TO DO, COMPLETE INFORMATION ON
THE
NUMBER OF PRISONERS AND THEIR PLACES OF DETENTION.   (###)

IRAN:  Treatment of Baha'is

Taken Question 2/23/93

        Q:  What is the reaction of the U.S.G to a UN report
concerning
the treatment of the Baha'is by Iran?

        A:  THE UNITED STATES IS GRAVELY CONCERNED BY CONTINUAL REPORTS
OF HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN IRAN, INCLUDING THE GOVERNMENT'S TREATMENT
OF THE BAH'I COMMUNITY.

        THE UNITED NATIONS IS DOING A SERVICE TO HUMAN RIGHTS IN IRAN BY
BRINGING THIS INFORMATION TO THE ATTENTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL
COMMUNITY.

        WE CONTINUE TO SUPPORT THE WORK OF THE UN SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE
ON IRAN AND HIS EFFORTS TO CALL ATTENTION TO THE ABU.S.E OF BASIC HUMAN
RIGHTS IN IRAN.  WE COMMEND THE WORK OF THE SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE AS
REFLECTED IN HIS MOST RECENT REPORT.  (###)


DEPARTMENT STATEMENTS
As posted in the Press Office, U.S. Department of State
February 23, 1993

RWANDA:  Declarations on Cease-Fire

Statement by Joseph Snyder, Acting Spokesman

        The Government of the United States welcomes the Declarations on
Cease-Fire promulgated by the Rwandese Patriotic Front and the
Government of Rwanda on February 21 and February 22, respectively.

        We call on both parties to cease immediately all military
activity, to respect the terms that each has proposed, and to consult
urgently together about the technical details of withdrawal,
supervision, and the return of displaced persons to their homes. (###)

INDIA:  Possible Violence

Statement by Joseph Snyder, Acting Spokesman 2/23/93

        The U.S. Embassy in New Delhi, India, reports that there is a
potential for serious civil disturbances in New Delhi on February 25,
which may disrupt city transportation services and may pose a risk to
personal security.

        On February 25, large numbers of political activists from Delhi
and elsewhere in India are expected to gather throughout Delhi and
attempt to march toward a rally site near the city center.  The
government of India has refused permission for this rally and the police
intend to oppose the marchers.

        As a result, there is a strong possiblity for civil disruptions
or violence.  The probable locations or outcome of encounters between
marchers and the police cannot be predicted.

        The U.S. Embassy in New Delhi is advising U.S. citizens in New
and Old Delhi to remain at home or in their hotels on February 25, to
avoid being inadvertently caught up in any possible violence.  (###)

CUBA:  Elections Neither Free nor Fair

Statement 2/25/93

        The United States looks forward to the day when the Cuban people
will have the opportunity to decide their future through an open,
democratic process.  Multi-party elections were promised in 1959, but
truly free and fair elections have never been held under Cuba's current
government.

        Cuba has been governed by a one-party regime and the same leader
for 34 years.  The United States joins the democratic community in
urging Cuba to join the Latin American mainstream by holding elections
under fair conditions, with free expression, multiple candidates and
parties, and the support of the international community in the form of
election observers.

        Regrettably, yesterday's elections were not an exercise in
democracy.

        While 76 million Cubans participated, this exercise offered no
real choice to the Cuban people:

        --95% of all candidates were Communist Party members.  All
candidates were vetted by "candidacy commissions" staffed by party-
dominated groups;

        --No human rights leaders were candidates;

        --Only one candidate was permitted for each vacancy.  There were
589 candidates for 589 National Assembly seats;

        --Voters were obliged to vote "yes" for the candidate or not at
all.  Ballots left blank were not counted;

        --The National and provincial assemblies have no power.  The
National Assembly meets but a few days a year and passes all decisions
unanimously.

        The United States will welcome the day when true democratic
reform begins in Cuba.  We support those Cubans who seek to begin a
process of reform, and we hope their opportunity to build a new future
comes soon.  (###)

___________________________________________________________________

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